The ICAO alphabet:

Alfa Bravo Charlie Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India
Juliett Kilo Lima Mike November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo
Sierra Tango Uniform Victor Whiskey X-ray Yankee Zulu

Variants include: Alpha Juliet

Skip to Wordlists | Skip to Texts

Phonetic alphabets

also Morse code mnemonics

Phonetic alphabets, in the sense used here, are also known as radio, telephone, spelling alphabets. They are used in aviation and by the military, police, radio amateurs and others.

Full collection of 18 February 2007 (1500 lines, 42k). Recent changes are summarised here.

Brief collection (100 lines).

The Able Baker story | Silly alphabets | Code Talkers

Phonetics elsewhere

Fuat Baran's copy of my collection at Columbia. Copy at Vienna. Copy at

US Army | US Navy alphabets and flags | US Navy | US Navy | US Marines | Canada | Royal Signals | NATO

NATO phonetic alphabet at Wikipedia ( mobile ), h2g2 (was BBC). Spelling alphabets at Wikipedia.

Stephen Phillips's phonetic alphabets (and Morse Code).

An aviation page about the ITU alphabet (with sounds).
Alphabet with sounds.
Airways Museum.

ICAO alphabet. ITU for Unaone Bissotwo (and ITU alphabet).

Article about phonetics for digits, by Uri Bram.

About John Alcorn's book (QZ codes, phonetics, Morse etc.). Or here. Or here. Or here.

Able Baker and other military alphabets at Wikipedia.

Timeline for Able Baker and Alpha Bravo. Timeline for Ack Emma and Pip Emma.

DX phonetics (Yokohama Zanzibar).

Police phonetics in Pittsburgh, by Alex Rudnicky.

US Financial phonetic alphabet.

Windows phone app for NATO alphabet, by Philippe Bédard.
Spelling out utility by Andrei Popleteev.

Alpha Bravo Yankee Zulu - a programme broadcast on BBC Radio 4 on Friday 7th April 2006, to mark the 50th anniversary.

Wikipedia pages for French, French, Dutch, Dutch, Norwegian, Norwegian, Finnish, Spanish, Basque, Portuguese, Greek, Turkish, Turkish, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Serbo-Croat, Polish, Russian, Bulgarian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Hebrew, Farsi, Esperanto.

Various languages including Korean at Wiktionary.

Alphabets d'épellation.
Les Alphabets Phonétiques.
French numbers.
French Scrabble alphabet and Morse code mnemonics.

History of German alphabet. History of German alphabet. History of German alphabet. | German WW2 alphabet.
German alphabet.
German orthography at Wikipedia.
Buchstabiertafel at Wikipedia (for Greek).

Dutch orthography at Wikipedia.

Morse Code Mnemonics at Wikipedia. Mnemonics for French, German, German, Dutch, Spanish, Hungarian, Greek, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Tajik, Indonesian, Hebrew.

Morse code (Dutch mnemonics). Also here. Also Czech.

Czech alphabet.
Slovenian alphabet (go back to version of April 2010 for Ankaran Bled).

Saratov for Russian Morse code, the alphabet generally and Gagarin.
Russian phonetics.
Everyone should know (должен знать каждый) - article by Oleg Chernozyomov.
Russian letters and numbers.

Swedish phonetics, including digits.
Swedish phonetics, including digits.
Swedish Wikipedia.
Swedish Armed Forces' radio alphabet.

Page by Anders Bergström for Swedish dialects (Vamhus and Gotlandish).

Finnish armed forces' radio alphabet.

Greek spelling alphabet (see also Greek page). Greek.
Russian spelling alphabet.

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet at Wikipedia.

About spelling in Esperanto. And there's this.

Cockney Alphabet at Wikipedia.
John Higgins' page (for silent alphabet). Anti-phonetic alphabets - links by Jamie Blustein.
Nearly Anacrophonic Phonetic Alphabet by Everett Howe.
Very miscellaneous alphabets.

Peripheral links

Morse code. Learning Morse.
About diacritics (Wells) | sci.lang FAQ with maps
ISO 8859 character sets (and more) ( mirror)
Unicode tests (Alan Wood) | Unicode tests (Alan Flavell) | Test of WGL4 (mini Unicode).
Language codes (en, fr, de, zh).

For phonetic symbols laɪk ðɪs see Wells or Wikipedia.


also word/letter frequency, parts of speech, stress, pronunciations;
various languages

UK English wordlist with frequency classification, version 1.01 (zip, 200k). 57000 words. No proper names. Includes hyphenated words. Intended to be suitable for checking spelling.

The top 1000 words in UK English, based on classic novels and Rosengren's modified frequency.

Letter frequency rankings for various languages.

Basic English, core vocabulary and word frequencies (newsgroup articles, 600 lines). Basic stands for British American Scientific International Commercial, apparently.

Wordlists elsewhere

Public domain wordlists from the Moby lexicon project at Sheffield. There is part of speech information. Moby wordlists at Gutenberg.

Frequency info from the British National Corpus by Adam Kilgarriff. There is part of speech information. BNC materials at Lancaster.

Frequency lists from the Corpus of Contemporary American English.

Frequency lists at Wiktionary.

Letter frequency at Wikipedia. Also French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Catalan, Portuguese, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Slovenian, Turkish, Hindi, Hebrew, Esperanto.

Corpus links | Corpus links | Corpora at Leeds

LibreOffice dictionaries.

UK wordlist.

Free Dictionaries Project by Zdenek Broz, for Universal Dictionary and collections of links.

Wordlists from Google Books (-> raw data -> 1-grams), for a number of languages.

Links about German.

Top words in German, English, French and Dutch. Corpora at Leipzig.

Top 1000 words on the net.

XML dictionaries. Or here.

Carnegie Mellon. Comprehensive info on pronunciations and stresses. Or try cmudict here.

Wordlists at Finland, Finland IPv6, Berlin.

Wordlists for various languages at The American Cryptogram Association.

Wordlists at COTSE | Wordlists at COTSE

List of links by Jim Shook.

English wordlists for the Scrabble/crossword community.

National Puzzlers' League. (Solving -> wordlists). Note particularly ENABLE and UK Cryptics. The latter includes hyphenated words, words with accents and phrases.

The Online Plain Text English Dictionary.

FreeDict for translation wordlists.

Translation dictionaries at Majstro.

Corpus links at Neuchatel. Note top 1000 for a number of languages.

Lemmatised French wordlist.
French wordlists.

About dictionaries for ispell; also here.

yawl wordlist.

Wordlists at Aspell. Spelling corrector.

English wordlist at SIL.

Basic English | Basic English

Dolch Basic Words List.

Letter frequencies in COD11 headwords. Letter frequencies in COD11 headwords.

Letter frequencies for Arabic. Arabic word frequency.

Perseus for vocabulary lists for Latin and Greek.

Hellenic National Corpus.

Russian corpus with frequency information (handy list of top 100).

Dave Fawthrop's FAQ on wordlists: intro, main.

Peripheral links

WordNet - lexical database. EuroWordNet.
Yourdictionary | Onelook | Wordnik | WordWeb Online | Fine Dictionary
Anna Mazzoldi's stuff (for translation dictionaries).
British National Corpus - can search for word or phrase.
Google books timeline. Be careful about hyphens.
Names from the US census.
Links to various resources at the former alt.usage.english site: main, links.
About vocabulary and language learning.
UsingEnglish (irregular verbs, phrasal verbs).
Greek Lexicon Project | Text Encoding Initiative

Zipf's law.

Online texts

Lots of links at the former Digital Librarian site.
Links at SIL.

Texts at Athena (English, French and other).
Texts in English (Project Gutenberg). See Browse Catalog for a list of other languages. Texts can be formatted for mobile devices.
Online Books Page | Books Online | The Online Literature Library | The Literature Network
Read Print | Bibliomania | The Free Library | Literature Post | Open Library
Oxford Text Archive - some free texts.
Wikisource - some texts with audio.
Internet Public Library.
Children's stories
French texts at ABU.
Texts in German.
Russian ( read about ) ( read about ) ( read about ) ( read about ) | Russian | Russian | Russian | Russian | Russian (links) | Skazki
Esperanto | Esperanto

Rosetta Project.

And finally

Taught languages in various countries, by Hendrik Biebeler, posted to sci.lang on 27th July 2001.

And now there's this (Word).

Brian Kelk
Quantum Theory makes equal sense to all observers -- as long as there aren't any.